Most of this post was assembled by three awesome students from last year. Thanks people!
Regarding the techniques used in an oral culture to remember information:
“Modern scholars recognize certain features common to oral poetry that often seem strange to readers. The key to all these so-called formulas is repetition, that indispensable prod to memory. In the Homeric epics, for example, long verse paragraphs recounting the details of sacrifice, the proffering of gifts, the naming of participants may be repeated almost word for word. Descriptive epithets repeatedly accompany characters’ names: “the swift-footed brilliant Akhilleus” or “Hektor, breaker of horses” or “the grey-eyed goddess Athena… these repetitions gave the bard a second to remember his place in the narrative… These oral formulaic devices, then, glued a massive narrative together, permitting feats of memory which readers in the computer age are more likely to associate with data banks than with poets.”
Read more about classical poetry here! It’s fun!
Turn the pages of a Gutenberg Bible.
An interactive map showing the spread of printing.
Technological Determinism (aka the most terrifying thing ever)
A more recent expression of McLuhan’s view:
“While it depends on us, we are increasingly dependent on it. Like any child, it has its demands. So far, humanity as a whole is in denial that it even has a child.”
Not unlike the Cylons? Any Battlestar fans in the class?
Ever heard of the Technological Singularity?
A summary of a study on illiterate ex-paramilitary forces comparing the brain structure of illiterate and literate adults and how it changes as they learn how to read.
Why not just study children learning to read? The article says it’s hard to distinguish the changes that come about from reading from the changes that occur due to normal development.
Does literacy steal brain power from other functions? According to this study, probably.
Are texting, emailing and other forms of purely verbal communication decreasing our ability to read non-verbal cues? This article says so.